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Mess - Wikipedia

The mess (also called a mess deck aboard ships.) is an area where military personnel socialize, eat, and (in some cases) live. The term is also used to indicate the groups of military personnel who belong to separate messes, such as the Officers' mess, the CPOs' mess, and the Enlisted mess.

Life at Sea in the Royal Navy of the 18th Century - BBC

They would only be called away from the mess table in an emergency. ... either on deck or in the sea. The 18th-century mind preferred homely dirt and the occasional clean shirt to the terrors of ...

List of maritime disasters in the 18th century - Wikipedia

A part of Ardent's quarter deck with some gunlocks deeply embedded in it was found floating in the area as was splinter netting driven into planking. No trace was ever found of her 500 crew. 500 1796 Great Britain: HMS Courageux – on 18 December 1796, this former French ship was shipwrecked in a gale on the Barbary Coast opposite Gibraltar ...

Life Aboard | New Bedford Whaling Museum

The U.S. Consul at Sydney took over the ship, discharged the old crew, shipped a new crew, converted the Junior to a prison ship and returned the mutineers to New Bedford for trial. Ports of Call: “In their search for oil,” Richard Ellis writes in his book Men and Whales, “the roving whalers opened the world, much as the explorers of the ...

From Salt Pork to Oatmeal, Royal Navy Rations 200 years ago

This was the necessary administrative grouping of sailors, but functionally, it was with whom they ate. Each week a man from each mess would be made the mess cook. He would assist the ship’s cook, collect and prepare his mess’s rations. His day started early, to produce breakfast. An early 19th century drawing of a Ship’s Cook.

Naval ship - Ship of the line | Britannica

Most of the ships of the line of the late 18th and early 19th centuries were 74s. One of these might be approximately 175 feet long with two full gun decks, the lower mounting the heaviest guns, by the Napoleonic Wars usually 32-pounders. The upper gun deck customarily carried 24-pounders, while the forecastle and quarterdeck mounted lighter ...

Royal Navy Customs and Traditions - HMS Richmond

He was a warrant officer, in charge of the ship's armament and the gunroom, not only of the muskets kept there but also of the junior and subordinate officers while using it as a mess. The rating as it used to be known, of petty officer (literally: inferior officer) was established in the 18th century.

A Sailor's Life For Me - A day in the life of a Royal Navy ...

A sketch of a seaman from the late 18th/early 19th century by Thomas Rowlandson; Morning Watch. At 0340 his day began. With his rigging knife and splicing fid, the mid topman joined his watchmates on deck ready for muster or inspection. Then he c limbed 100 feet above deck to his position on the main topgallant yard. From there he could see the ...

The Pirate Empire: Repairs at Sea

This was the 18th century equivalent to "it fell off the back of a truck" and fooled no one, but it provided an excuse that could keep pirates out of jail. If a ship wa not in immediate danger of sinking, her crew could do an amazing number of things to put her back into working order.

Secrets of Ancient Navigators | NOVA | PBS

Of the 25 ships that sailed west from Norway in the year 990, only 14 arrived. ... While deputy Postmaster-General of Great Britain in the 18th century, Franklin noticed that his mail ships to the ...

Rating system of the Royal Navy - Wikipedia

Fifth and sixth rates were never included among ships-of-the-line. The middle of the 18th century saw the introduction of a new fifth-rate type—the classic frigate, with no ports on the lower deck, and the main battery disposed solely on the upper deck, where it could be fought in all weathers.

Secrets of Ancient Navigators | NOVA | PBS

Of the 25 ships that sailed west from Norway in the year 990, only 14 arrived. ... While deputy Postmaster-General of Great Britain in the 18th century, Franklin noticed that his mail ships to the ...

Royal Navy Customs and Traditions - HMS Richmond

He was a warrant officer, in charge of the ship's armament and the gunroom, not only of the muskets kept there but also of the junior and subordinate officers while using it as a mess. The rating as it used to be known, of petty officer (literally: inferior officer) was established in the 18th century.

Wooden Sailing Ships - Cindy Vallar

Situated in the aft section of the Constellation's gun deck, the captain's cabin consisted of a large day cabin with a table where the captain entertained officers or guests and where charts and maps could be spread out to examine, and several smaller cabins on the starboard and port sides of the ship. The pictures to the right show this area ...

Ships Fastenings | Maritime Archaeology

Introduction. As Wreck Inspector for the Western Australian Museum I came across many ships fastenings and in trying to provenance and correctly describe them studied those from the well-documented 200-year period after the advent of the underwriters, Lloyd’s of London around 1760.

The Pirate Empire: Repairs at Sea

This was the 18th century equivalent to "it fell off the back of a truck" and fooled no one, but it provided an excuse that could keep pirates out of jail. If a ship wa not in immediate danger of sinking, her crew could do an amazing number of things to put her back into working order.

Ranks & Duties - Historic Naval Fiction

The other Lieutenants were responsible for standing watches, i.e. taking routine command of the deck when the ship was at sea with responsibility for maintaining discipline and navigation, had overall command of a particular mast during setting and taking in sail, commanded a battery of guns in action and had overall responsibility for the ...

Naval Terms, Traditions and Customs - Bluejacket

The ship's boatswain is a warrant officer who has charge of the seamen, oversight of a ship's deck evolutions, work pertaining to the boats, rigging, anchoring, mooring and unmooring. Boatswain's Mate is a petty officer under the direction of the ship's boatswain and/or the Deck department head, the First Lieutenant , on ships without a warrant ...

Rated Navy ships in the 17th to 19th centuries | Explore ...

Developed from early-18th century prototypes, the Fifth Rates of Admiral Lord Nelson’s time had a variety of armaments and gun arrangements, from 32–40 guns. Captured enemy frigates were also used in service, and many of the best British-built ships were copied or adapted from French designs.

Pirate Ships — A Pirate's Glossary of Terms

A large three-masted sailing ship with a square rig and usually two or more decks, used from the 15th to the 17th century especially by Spain as a merchant ship or warship. A Spanish galleon (left) firing its cannons at a Dutch warship (right).

Underwater jigsaw puzzle of Captain Cook's ship Endeavour - CNN

On board HMS Endeavour – How the mess deck on HMS Endeavour would have looked at the height of its 18th Century existence ... It is part of a total of 13 18th Century ships under water in ...

Wooden Sailing Ships - Cindy Vallar

Situated in the aft section of the Constellation's gun deck, the captain's cabin consisted of a large day cabin with a table where the captain entertained officers or guests and where charts and maps could be spread out to examine, and several smaller cabins on the starboard and port sides of the ship.

Listing of Historical Sailing Ship types and nomenclature.

Ghost Ship: Either a ship that appears as a ghostly apparition such as the Flying Dutchman, or a ship which is found floating at sea with no sign of the crew, such as the Mary Celeste. Examples of a ghost-ship: Gig: 1. A two-masted coastal vessel carrying lugsails. 2. A wide beamed 18th century ship's boat, often reserved for use by a ship's ...

Ships Fastenings | Maritime Archaeology

Introduction. As Wreck Inspector for the Western Australian Museum I came across many ships fastenings and in trying to provenance and correctly describe them studied those from the well-documented 200-year period after the advent of the underwriters, Lloyd’s of London around 1760.

The Pirate Empire: Repairs at Sea

This was the 18th century equivalent to "it fell off the back of a truck" and fooled no one, but it provided an excuse that could keep pirates out of jail. If a ship wa not in immediate danger of sinking, her crew could do an amazing number of things to put her back into working order.

Ship Parts - Pirate Life - The Way of the Pirates

Main deck - The highest part of a deck in some vessels. Berth -The sleeping and living quarters below main deck or built-in bed on a ship. Orlop -The lowest deck on a ship, used for covering storage. Bilge –The bottom of a ship, the transition between the bottom and the sides. Scuppers – The openings, spreading along edges of a deck and ...

Naval Terms, Traditions and Customs - Bluejacket

The ship's boatswain is a warrant officer who has charge of the seamen, oversight of a ship's deck evolutions, work pertaining to the boats, rigging, anchoring, mooring and unmooring. Boatswain's Mate is a petty officer under the direction of the ship's boatswain and/or the Deck department head, the First Lieutenant , on ships without a warrant ...

Nautical Slang in Common Usage - Crewseekers

Clear the deck - One of the things done in preparation for battle. Current usage similar to batten down the hatches. Close quarters - In the 17th century, the barriers that sailors laid across a ship’s deck in order to provide a safe haven from the enemy were called close-fights. By the mid 18th century that confined defensive space became ...

Late 18th, 19th and early 20th Century Naval and Naval Social ...

The Ships, Admirals, Commanders, Lieutenants and Masters from Universal Directory - 1790; Part List of Marine Officers dated 1787; A Look at Health in the RN. Medical Reforms during and post the American War of Independence. The Preservation of the Health of Seamen - late 18th Century. Victualling - 1825. Victualling in Sick Messes - 1825

Rated Navy ships in the 17th to 19th centuries | Explore ...

Developed from early-18th century prototypes, the Fifth Rates of Admiral Lord Nelson’s time had a variety of armaments and gun arrangements, from 32–40 guns. Captured enemy frigates were also used in service, and many of the best British-built ships were copied or adapted from French designs.

Underwater jigsaw puzzle of Captain Cook's ship Endeavour - CNN

On board HMS Endeavour – How the mess deck on HMS Endeavour would have looked at the height of its 18th Century existence ... It is part of a total of 13 18th Century ships under water in ...

Diary of 18th century sailor provides fascinating insight ...

Diary of 18th century sailor provides fascinating insight into life below decks in Nelson's navy. By Daily Mail Reporter Updated: 08:35 EDT, 14 August 2008

Ships Fastenings | Maritime Archaeology

Introduction. As Wreck Inspector for the Western Australian Museum I came across many ships fastenings and in trying to provenance and correctly describe them studied those from the well-documented 200-year period after the advent of the underwriters, Lloyd’s of London around 1760.

Listing of Historical Sailing Ship types and nomenclature.

Ghost Ship: Either a ship that appears as a ghostly apparition such as the Flying Dutchman, or a ship which is found floating at sea with no sign of the crew, such as the Mary Celeste. Examples of a ghost-ship: Gig: 1. A two-masted coastal vessel carrying lugsails. 2. A wide beamed 18th century ship's boat, often reserved for use by a ship's ...

Captain James Cook > Fluyts and Katts

That would greatly help in reducing the risk of Hogging to which all wooden ships were extremely prone. A note of interest is in the conversion plans of Endeavour in that the forrad platform had been retained to provide the floor of the powder magazine. Plate 5 is of the rigging plan of an 18th century Cat

Designing and Building a Wooden Ship | Penobscot Bay History ...

When all of the deck beams were in place, ship's carpenters laid the deck planking. Another type of planking is called the ceiling Ceiling The inside planking of a ship.: an inner skin planked inside of the frames. Despite its name, the ceiling acts as a floor to the cargo hold, and it provides additional longitudinal strength for the hull.

Late 18th, 19th and early 20th Century Naval and Naval Social ...

The Ships, Admirals, Commanders, Lieutenants and Masters from Universal Directory - 1790; Part List of Marine Officers dated 1787; A Look at Health in the RN. Medical Reforms during and post the American War of Independence. The Preservation of the Health of Seamen - late 18th Century. Victualling - 1825. Victualling in Sick Messes - 1825

1700s Ship High Resolution Stock Photography and Images - Alamy

The tall wooden ship is a replica of the original Lady Washington, which was built as a merchant ship in the late 1700's and was the first American ship to - The Lady Washington sits docked at Rainbow Harbor with the Queen Mary visible in the background.

18th century Sailor’s food – Ships Provisions | Savoring the Past

Just to give an idea of the variety or lack there of, in the 18th century sailor's diet. Provisions listed for the British ship Bellona 74 guns in 1760 listed as provisions for 650 men for four months. Beef 5200 pieces 20800 lbs Pork 9620 pieces 19240 lbs Beer 236 butts 29736 US gallons Water…

500+ Best Paintings of Sailing Ships & Boats images in 2020 ...

Sep 19, 2020 - Nautical paintings of sailing ships and smaller craft. See more ideas about Nautical painting, Sailing ships, Sailing.

Underwater jigsaw puzzle of Captain Cook's ship Endeavour

On board HMS Endeavour – How the mess deck on HMS Endeavour would have looked at the height of its 18th Century existence. Hide Caption ... It is part of a total of 13 18th Century ships under ...

Antiques and Collecting: Deck prism a source of light on old ...

Fire was the best source of light, but it also was dangerous on a wooden ship, so oil and kerosene lamps and candles were avoided. My prism was inserted upside down into a hole on the main deck.

Diary of 18th century sailor provides fascinating insight ...

Diary of 18th century sailor provides fascinating insight into life below decks in Nelson's navy. By Daily Mail Reporter Updated: 08:35 EDT, 14 August 2008

Ships Rigging. The Maritime Heritage Project, San Francisco ...

In the 18th and 19th centuries, corvettes were three-masted ships with square rigging similar to that of frigates and ships of the line, but they carried only about 20 guns on the top deck. Frequently serving as dispatchers among ships of a battle fleet, corvettes also escorted merchantmen and showed a nation’s flag in distant parts of the world.

Captain James Cook > Fluyts and Katts

That would greatly help in reducing the risk of Hogging to which all wooden ships were extremely prone. A note of interest is in the conversion plans of Endeavour in that the forrad platform had been retained to provide the floor of the powder magazine. Plate 5 is of the rigging plan of an 18th century Cat

Could You Survive on a 18th Century Seaman’s Diet ...

Janet McDonald, Feeding Nelson’s Navy (2006), 9-10 This diet remained largely unchanged until 1847 when the Navy began to utilize canning. Seamen on 18th century American whaling vessels were served a similarly unappetizing selection of food with corn and beans occasionally providing some variety to their meals.

Designing and Building a Wooden Ship | Penobscot Bay History ...

When all of the deck beams were in place, ship's carpenters laid the deck planking. Another type of planking is called the ceiling Ceiling The inside planking of a ship.: an inner skin planked inside of the frames. Despite its name, the ceiling acts as a floor to the cargo hold, and it provides additional longitudinal strength for the hull.

18th century Sailor’s food – Ships Provisions | Savoring the Past

Just to give an idea of the variety or lack there of, in the 18th century sailor's diet. Provisions listed for the British ship Bellona 74 guns in 1760 listed as provisions for 650 men for four months. Beef 5200 pieces 20800 lbs Pork 9620 pieces 19240 lbs Beer 236 butts 29736 US gallons Water…

1700s Ship High Resolution Stock Photography and Images - Alamy

The tall wooden ship is a replica of the original Lady Washington, which was built as a merchant ship in the late 1700's and was the first American ship to - The Lady Washington sits docked at Rainbow Harbor with the Queen Mary visible in the background.

Sailing Ship Columbia tour of deck and crew's quarters during ...

Visit http://www.InsideTheMagic.net for more nautical fun! A walking tour of the deck and lower crew's quarters on the Sailing Ship Columbia during the final...

Antiques and Collecting: Deck prism a source of light on old ...

Fire was the best source of light, but it also was dangerous on a wooden ship, so oil and kerosene lamps and candles were avoided. My prism was inserted upside down into a hole on the main deck.

Ships Rigging. The Maritime Heritage Project, San Francisco ...

In the 18th and 19th centuries, corvettes were three-masted ships with square rigging similar to that of frigates and ships of the line, but they carried only about 20 guns on the top deck. Frequently serving as dispatchers among ships of a battle fleet, corvettes also escorted merchantmen and showed a nation’s flag in distant parts of the world.

Life at Sea in the Royal Navy of the 18th Century – JackyFaber11

The 18th and 19th century Royal Navy was very dominant on the seas because of the drills their crews had to go through with gunnery (getting down to about 90 seconds between shots), as well their ability to trim the sails, and keeping the ships clean to prevent disease.

Navigation in the 18th Century | Penobscot Bay History Online

During the first part of the 19th century only naval vessels, the largest merchant ships, and exploration vessels could afford to carry them. Lunar distances competed with the expensive chronometer. A navigator could find his longitude without a chronometer by using the moon as a giant clock, working its way past sun and stars.

Pirate Ship Designs During the Golden Age of Piracy - Bright ...

In this article we discuss the design and modifications done on the captured merchant ships to make them suitable for a pirate ship. The pirate ship designs were such that they allowed a ship to hoist a larger sail, put up more cannons for more fire power, and reduce the weight so as to make a ship light and fast. The other modifications done were to make the boat more suitable for piratical ...

Early Sailing Ships

The galleon continued to be used until the early 18th century, when better designed and purpose-built vessels such as the fluyt, brig and the ship of the line rendered it obsolete for trade and warfare respectively. In time, the long beak became curved and shorter, top sails were added, jibs were introduced and the lateen-rigged mizzenmast was ...

Buggery and the British Navy - Washington City Paper

Conclusion: Whatever may have gone on beneath the poop deck, sex with boys at sea was never openly tolerated in the Royal Navy, let alone made a fixture of the officers’ mess. Eventually ...

See the Sea - Nautical Language

The ships that displayed the crew openly on the deck were thought to be honest merchant ships known as "above board". Abreast : Meaning along side the beam of a ship. Now a common expression, "keeping abreast of a situation" means staying in touch with or keeping up with.

Ship & Shipbuilding Terminology, complete terminology ...

Pink: A two- or three-masted Dutch fishing vessel of the 18th century. Pinnace: 1. A variety of relatively small sailing vessels having generally two fore-and-aft rigged masts. 2. A 17th century ship's boat, usually rowed with eight oars. Examples of a pinnace: Pintle: A pin or bolt forming the pivot of one of the hinges on which a rudder turns.

Sailing Ship Columbia tour of deck and crew's quarters during ...

Visit http://www.InsideTheMagic.net for more nautical fun! A walking tour of the deck and lower crew's quarters on the Sailing Ship Columbia during the final...

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